Hobson DD- 464 - História

Hobson DD- 464 - História


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Hobson

(DD-464: dp. 1630, 1. 348'1 "b. 36'1"; dr. 15'S "; s. 38 k .; cpl. 208; a. 4 5", 4 1,1 ", 5 21" tt., 5 dcp., 2 dct.; cl. Bristol)

Hobson (DD-464) foi lançado por Charleston Navy Yard, Charleston, S.C., 8 de setembro de 1941; patrocinado pela Sra. R. P.Hobson, viúva do Contra-Almirante Hobson, e encomendado em 22 de janeiro de 1942, Comdr. N. McFarlane no comando.

Após extensas operações de shakedown e treinamento em Casco Bay, Maine, o novo contratorpedeiro juntou-se ao veterano porta-aviões Ranger em Norfolk e navegou em 1º de julho para escoltá-lo até a África. Carregando uma carga vital de 72 aeronaves P 40, o Ranger chegou com segurança via Trinidad, descarregou os aviões e voltou com Hobson em 5 de agosto de 1942. O destróier então conduziu exercícios de treinamento fora de Newport e Norfolk até 3 de outubro, quando partiu de Norfolk para as Bermudas em serviço de escolta.

Enquanto os Aliados se preparavam para pousar no Norte da África em um ousado ataque anfíbio através do Atlântico, Hobson juntou-se ao Grupo de Ataque Central. Sua principal tarefa era filtrar e proteger o Ranger enquanto o poder aéreo móvel da transportadora apoiava o ataque. Partindo das Bermudas em 25 de outubro, o grupo de I Hobson n chegou ao largo de Fedhala em 8 de novembro e, à medida que os pousos avançavam, fornecia o apoio aéreo indispensável. Os aviões da Ranger atingiram baterias costeiras, o couraçado francês Jean Bart e mais tarde ajudaram a conter o ataque de navios franceses na área de transporte. Hobson rastreou Ranger até que ela navegou em 11 de novembro para Norfolk deixando os Aliados, 'totalmente no comando da área de assalto.

Após seu retorno a Norfolk em 27 de novembro de 1942, o destruidor participou de exercícios na Baía de Casco, mais tarde navegando com um comboio para a Zona do Canal em dezembro. O navio juntou-se novamente ao Ranger no início de 1943 e o grupo de patrulha anti-submarino navegou em 8 de janeiro para patrulhar o Atlântico ocidental. Grupos como o Ranger fizeram muito para proteger a navegação aliada no Atlântico dos submarinos e contribuíram poderosamente para a vitória final na Europa. Típico do desempenho versátil de Hobson foi o resgate de um grupo de sobreviventes da SS St. Margaret, nas Bermudas, em 2 de março de 1943.

Em abril, um Hobson e um Ranger chegaram a Argentia e iniciaram as operações a partir dessa base. Os navios forneceram cobertura aérea para comboios e patrulhamento anti-submarino e, em julho de 1943, tiveram a honra de transportar o HMS Queen Mary, levando o primeiro-ministro Churchill para a Conferência de Quebec. O contratorpedeiro veterano chegou a Boston em 27 de julho para se preparar para novas tarefas.

Hobson navegou com Ranger e outros navios em 5 de agosto para se juntar à frota doméstica britânica em Scapa Flow. Chegando em 19 de agosto, ela operou sob as ordens da Marinha Real nas águas do norte, ajudando a fornecer cobertura para comboios de suprimentos vitais para a Rússia. Enquanto estava em Scapa Flow em 21 de setembro, ela foi inspecionada pelo Secretário da Marinha Knox e pelo Almirante Stark. Hobson acompanhou o Ranger em uma incursão ousada em 2 de 4 de outubro de 1943, enquanto um porta-aviões realizava um ataque devastador contra a navegação alemã em Bodo, na Noruega. Após esta operação, o contratorpedeiro continuou a operar com a Home Fleet. Ela examinou o HMS Formidable durante as operações de voo em novembro e depois de duas viagens de comboio para a Islândia, voltou a Boston e ao controle dos EUA em 3 de dezembro de 1943.

Durante os primeiros 2 meses de 1944, Hobson treinou na Baía de Chesapeake e operou com transportadoras entre a Costa Leste e as Bermudas. Ela se juntou à transportadora de escolta Bogue e outras escoltas em Norfolk, partindo em 26 de fevereiro. Esses grupos de caçadores-assassinos desempenharam um papel importante na expulsão de submarinos alemães das rotas marítimas, e este cruzeiro não foi exceção. Depois de patrulhar por mais de 2 semanas, os destróieres avistaram uma mancha de óleo, fizeram contato com o sonar e iniciaram ataques de carga de profundidade na tarde de 13 de março. O submarino U ~ 575 com relatórios meteorológicos foi severamente danificado e foi forçado a emergir, após o qual tiros de Hobson e de outros navios o afundaram. Depois de mais varreduras anti-submarino até os Açores, Hobson voltou a Boston em 2 de abril.

Por algum tempo, os Aliados vinham acumulando uma força tremenda na Inglaterra para a eventual invasão da França, e o destruidor fechou em 21 de abril de 1944 para se juntar à vasta armada que transportaria e protegeria os soldados. Ela passou um mês em patrulha ao largo de Ire do Norte e, chegando a Plymouth em 21 de maio para os preparativos finais para a invasão, designado para o grupo de assalto de Utah Beach do contra-almirante Moon, Hobson chegou ao largo da Normandia com outros navios do grupo de bombardeio em 0140 6 de junho, e incendiou longe em baterias da costa alemã. Durante as primeiras horas, Corry atingiu uma mina e afundou, após o que Hob ~ on e Fitch atiraram em posições costeiras alemãs ao mesmo tempo em que resgatavam sobreviventes da água. Hobson continuou a dar suporte de fogo poderoso até retornar a Plymouth no final da tarde.

O destróier não ficou muito tempo fora da briga, porém, retornando em 8 de junho para examinar a área de assalto. Ela também bloqueou as frequências de rádio das bombas planadoras de 9 a 11 de junho e forneceu proteção para o comboio de cemitério. Com os Aliados precisando urgentemente de um bom porto na França, Hobson embarcou para Cherbourg em 25 de junho para ajudar no bombardeio. Ela ouviu falar das grandes baterias, dos couraçados de batalha do Texas e do Arkansas; e quando os navios de guerra estavam perigosamente montados, Hobson e Plunkett fizeram uma cobertura de fumaça que permitiu que todos se retirassem. Poucos dias depois, os Aliados ocuparam Cherbourg.

O dever seguinte de Hobson a levou ao Mediterrâneo; ela chegou a Mers el Kebir, Argélia, em 11 de julho, e por um mês desempenhou funções de comboio de ida e volta para Taranto, Itália. Juntando-se ao contra-almirante Rodgers Delta Assault Force, ela partiu de Taranto em 11 de agosto para a invasão do sul da França. No início de 15 de agosto, ela atuou como observadora do bombardeio preliminar de Nevada; e, quando as tropas invadiram a costa, forneceu apoio de fogo direto com suas próprias baterias. O contratorpedeiro permaneceu na área de assalto até a noite seguinte, chegando a Palermo em 17 de agosto para assumir o serviço de comboio no Mediterrâneo.

À medida que a ofensiva aliada na Europa ganhava ímpeto, Hobson era uma escolta de comboio entre a Argélia, a Itália e a França, protegendo suprimentos e tropas vitais. Ela navegou para os Estados Unidos em 25 de outubro de 1944 e chegou a Charleston via Bermuda em 10 de novembro. Lá, ela entrou no Estaleiro Naval e foi convertida em varredor de minas destruidor e reclassificada DMS-26 em 15 de novembro de 1944. Até dezembro ela passou por testes e treinamento de shakedown fora de Charleston e Norfolk.

Hobson navegou em 4 de janeiro de 1945 através do Canal do Panamá para se juntar à força naval desdobrada contra o Japão no Pacífico. Chegando a Pearl Harbor em 11 de fevereiro, o navio passou por mais treinamento de guerra contra minas antes de partir em 24 de fevereiro para Eniwetok e uma parte da última e maior das operações anfíbias do Pacífico, Okinawa.

Navegando em 19 de março com o grupo de varredura de minas, Hobson obson chegou a Okinawa bem antes das tropas de assalto para varrer as áreas costeiras e foi freqüentemente atacado por aviões japoneses. Como o ataque começou em 1º de abril, o navio também assumiu funções de patrulha e forneceu iluminação noturna durante os primeiros dias críticos da campanha. Enquanto desesperados ataques suicidas do inimigo eram repelidos com pesadas baixas, Hobson foi convocado em 13 de abril para assumir uma estação de piquete de radar na qual Mannert L. Abele havia sido afundado em um ataque pesado na noite anterior. Ela continuou piquete e varrendo o dever até 16 de abril, quando outro ataque suicida se aproximou por volta das 9h. Hobson espirrou em um dos atacantes, mas outro bateu em Pringle, causando uma explosão violenta. Poucos minutos depois, outro avião atingiu o lado de estibordo de Hobson, mas sua bomba explodiu no convés principal, iniciando um grande incêndio. Ainda disparando contra os kamikazes, o navio restaurou a energia, combateu incêndios e resgatou mais de 100 sobreviventes do afundado Pringle. Após o ataque, ela ancorou em Kerma Retto, retornando a Ulithi em 29 de abril e a Pearl Harbor em 16 de maio. Hobson então navegou via San Diego e a Zona do Canal para o Estaleiro Naval de Norfolk, onde chegou em 16 de junho de 1945 para reparos.

A rendição do Japão veio com C ainda passando por reparos e, após completar o treinamento de shakedown, ela passou fevereiro de 1946 em operações de remoção de minas em Yorktown, VA. O restante do ano foi gasto em treinamento e exercícios de preparação no Caribe e ao largo de Norfolk. Até 1950, o navio continuou a operar na costa leste e nas águas do Caribe em operações anfíbias e de guerra contra minas. No final de 1948, ela visitou a Argentina e Halifax em operações de remoção de minas com navios canadenses.

Com a eclosão do conflito coreano em junho de 1950, a programação de treinamento de Hobson se intensificou. Ela participou de exercícios anfíbios na Carolina do Norte e em Porto Rico 1950-51 e participou de operações de transporte como guarda de avião e navio de rastreio. Durante uma dessas rações, com o porta-aviões Wasp, a estava navegando em formação 700 milhas a oeste dos Açores na noite de 26 de abril de 1952. Enquanto os navios viravam contra o vento para que o Wasp pudesse recuperar aeronaves, Hobson cruzou a proa do porta-aviões a estibordo a bombordo e foi atingido a meio do navio. A força da colisão rolou o caça-minas destruidor
acabou, quebrando-a em dois. Rodman e Wasp resgataram muitos sobreviventes, mas o navio e 176 de sua tripulação foram perdidos, incluindo seu Comandante, Tenente Comdr. W. J. Tierney. Assim terminou em tragédia a longa carreira de um navio valente. Hobson recebeu seis estrelas de batalha pelo serviço na Segunda Guerra Mundial e compartilhou a Menção de Unidade Presidencial concedida aos navios do grupo de trabalho anti-submarino Bogue no Atlântico.


Hobson DD- 464 - História

O Presidente dos Estados Unidos tem o prazer de apresentar a CITAÇÃO DA UNIDADE PRESIDENCIAL ao

& ldquoPor desempenho notável no combate contra submarinos inimigos no Espaço Atlântico de 20 de abril de 1943 a 3 de julho de 1944. Realização de ação ofensiva poderosa e sustentada durante um período de pesadas concentrações submarinas alemãs, ameaçando nosso fluxo ininterrupto de suprimentos para o Teatro Europeu de operações, o USS BOGUE, seus aviões embarcados e suas escoltas rastrearam as matilhas inimigas implacavelmente e, por vigilância inabalável, agressividade persistente e cooperação perfeita de todas as unidades envolvidas, afundou um número notável de U-boats hostis. A soberba liderança do BOGUE e o espírito galante dos oficiais e homens que lutaram em seus aviões e tripularam suas embarcações de escolta foram amplamente úteis para forçar a retirada completa dos submarinos inimigos das rotas de abastecimento essenciais para a manutenção de nossa supremacia militar estabelecida. & Rdquo

Os Estados Unidos enviam Bogue, Lea, Greene, Belknap, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger e VC-9 de 20 de abril a 20 de junho de 1943.

Os Estados Unidos enviam Bogue, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger, Clemson e VC-9 de 12 de julho a 23 de agosto de 1943.

Os Estados Unidos enviam Bogue, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger, Clemson, Dupont e VC-19 de 14 de novembro a 29 de dezembro de 1943.

Os Estados Unidos enviam Bogue, Haverfield, Swenning, Willis, Hobson (até 25 de março), Janssen (até 7 de abril) e VC-95 de 26 de fevereiro a 19 de abril de 1944.

Os Estados Unidos enviam Bogue, Haverfield, Swenning, Willis, Janssen, F. W. Robinson e VC-69 de 4 de maio a 3 de julho de 1944.

/ s / James Forrestal
Secretário da Marinha

Fonte: NARA Modern Military Records (NECTM). Divisão de Serviços de Arquivos Textuais.


Hobson DD- 464 - História

o EUA Hobson (DD-464), uma Gleaves-O destróier de classe foi construído em Charleston Navy Yard e comissionado logo após o início da Segunda Guerra Mundial. Durante a guerra, ela viu ação no Norte da África, no Atlântico ocidental e no Dia D. No final de 1944, ela foi convertida em um caça-minas destruidor e reclassificada DMS-26. Após essa conversão, ela viu uma ação pesada perto de Okinawa, onde sofreu baixas significativas e danos causados ​​por ataques suicidas inimigos. Os reparos foram concluídos após a Segunda Guerra Mundial e o Hobson assumiu o serviço como um caça-minas destruidor com a Frota do Atlântico.

Na noite de 26 de abril de 1952 o Hobson era um navio de apoio para o porta-aviões EUA Vespa (CV-18), que realizava operações de voo 700 milhas a oeste dos Açores (38 graus 27 minutos norte / 41 graus 21 minutos oeste). Estava a caminho de visitar 20 portos mediterrâneos diferentes. o Vespa começou uma virada para o vento para se preparar para a recuperação da aeronave. o Hobson precisava manobrar para manter sua posição correta em relação ao Vespa. Um trágico erro de cálculo ocorreu no Hobson ponte naquela noite. o Hobson virou bombordo em uma manobra que exigiu cruzar a proa do Vespa, em vez de simplesmente ficar para trás Vespa e virando na esteira da transportadora & # 8217s. o Hobson foi atingido a meio do navio pelo Vespa. A colisão cortou o Hobson na metade. Ela afundou em menos de cinco minutos. 176 de sua tripulação se perderam no mar, muitos dormindo em seus compartimentos de atracação.

Índice:

  • Introdução
  • 176 baixas
  • Companheiros de navio que sobreviveram
  • Em memória
  • Histórias publicadas sobre o USS Hobson
  • Comentários dos leitores

176 Vítimas:

[Nota KWE: Estima-se que 150 membros da tripulação estavam dormindo quando a colisão ocorreu e o navio afundou em quatro minutos, razão pela qual a taxa de mortalidade era tão alta.]

  1. Allen, William Erby, 20, Columbia, TN
  2. Amico, Michael, 20, Detroit, MI
  3. Antley, Lawrence A., 19, Charleston, SC
  4. Arayes, George, 24, Brooklyn, NY
  5. Baker, David, 18, Elstead, NY
  6. Baker, Harold K., Dansville, NY
  7. Baker, Sam K., 25, Muskogee, OK
  8. Balzer, Andrew J., 21, Beaver Falls, PA
  9. Bass, Arthur J., 21, Mohawk, NY
  10. Becker, Efracio L., 26, Filadélfia, PA
  11. Behnke, Gary R., 19, Royal Oak, MI
  12. Bells, J.C., 27, Wesson, MS
  13. Berry, William J., 21, Spartanburg, SC
  14. Blackburn, Willie R., 25, Blanco, TX
  15. Bloomfield, Louis E., 20, Richmond, VA
  16. Bond, Alvin C., 20, Wichita Falls, TX
  17. Boney, Leroy, 20, Wilmington, NC
  18. Booker, Julian R., 21, Americus, GA
  19. Braunschweig, Wallace J., 21, Beaver Dam, WI
  20. Brennan, John J., 19, Southampton, NY
  21. Breuer, Buell C., 29, Rolla, MO
  22. Brobst, James H. Jr., 22, Allentown, PA
  23. Brooks, Joseph T., 39, Elberton, GA
  24. Brooks, Robert A., 19, Buffalo, NY
  25. Bryant, Clayton E., 18, Houston, TX
  26. Buckner, Earnest B., Alexander City, AL
  27. Burchett, Oscar L. Jr., 22, Nevis, MN
  28. Burr, Dwight L., 20, Wadesboro, NC
  29. Callahan, William T., 38, Zebulon, GA
  30. Carlson, Harold R. Jr., 17, Delavan, WI
  31. Carr, Patrick Eugene, 21, Galesburg, IL
  32. Chrobak, Casimir M., 29, Worchester, MA
  33. Clements, John J. & quotJack & quot Jr., 21, Audubon Park, NJ
  34. Cofer, John Monroe, 34, Cleveland, TN
  35. Cole, Paul L., 21, North Lewisburg, OH
  36. Comins, John P., 22, Reading, PA
  37. Cornell, Richard D., 21, Richmond, VA
  38. Costello, William H., 27, Winchester, MA
  39. Craver, Samuel D., 27, Rochester, NY
  40. Cropsey, Richard L., 23, Nova York, NY
  41. Crotts, Porter L. Jr., 24, Spindale, NC
  42. Culham, Merrill M., 19, Lansing, MI
  43. Cutler, Donald L., 19, Dover Plains, NY
  44. Davis, Basil, 21, Jacksonville, FL
  45. Davis, Jerry, 20, Kirksville, MO
  46. Degaglia, James D., 19, Norwalk, CT
  47. Deuel, Norman J., 19, Grand Ledge, MI
  48. Dingman, Frank A., 18, Alexandria Bay, NY
  49. Duke, Herman J. Jr., 22, Richmond, VA
  50. Dunst, Joseph, 20, Bronx, NY
  51. Earnst, Samuel P., 22, Brookville, OH
  52. Eisenbrey, Harry Y., 21, Edgely, PA
  53. Eisenach, Robert O., 22, Kenora, Ontário, Canadá
  54. Ellis, Roland T., 23, Washington, D.C.
  55. Enfinger, Clevy, 21, Hilton, GA
  56. Erwin, Edward M., 27, Decatur, IL
  57. Fey, James R., 20, Hyattsville, MD
  58. Flannery, James A., 21, Cincinnati, OH
  59. Floyd, Boyd E., 34, Chadbourn, NC
  60. Gleason, James D., 19, Pittsfield, MA
  61. Gould, Theodore III, 23, Lutherville, MD
  62. Grammer, Adron F. Jr., 20, Hughes, AR
  63. Griffin, Roy S. Jr., 23, Lexington, KY
  64. Hannigan, Charles W., 19, Elysian, MN
  65. Hardy, Dow F., 21, Schenectady, NY
  66. Haugen, Harley J., 20, Ironton, MN
  67. Havens, Clifford E., 19, Ogdensburg, NY
  68. Henry, William O., 34, Prince George, VA
  69. Herman, Hugo C., 20, Ashley, ND
  70. Hess, Ned W., 19, Annville, PA
  71. Hogan, William J., 19, Port Huron, MI

Companheiros de navio que sobreviveram:

[Nota KWE: A tripulação do USS Wasp resgatou 39 sobreviventes do USS Hobson e a tripulação do USS Rodman resgatou 22 sobreviventes.]

  1. Archer, Leland R., Point Pleasant, NJ
  2. Arnold, Joseph F., Líbano, PA
  3. Arsenault, Joseph H., Chelsea, MA
  4. Boller, Richard G., Unoin, Nova Jersey
  5. Brooks, Harold M., Detroit, MI
  6. Byers, Walter Ronald, Detroit, MI
  7. Camp, Carter Y., Charleston, SC
  8. Cardwell, Thomas G., Charleston, SC
  9. Carr, Richard K., Bristol, RI
  10. Cummings, Donald E., Aliquippa, PA
  11. Dahlke, Reinhold C. Jr., Buffalo, NY
  12. Denton, Cleo D., Mechanicsburg, PA
  13. Desrosiers, Albert, Fall River, MA
  14. Drury, Donald A., Lockport, NY
  15. Elliott, Edward W., Varsóvia, WI
  16. Evans, James H., Steubenville, OH
  17. Gardner, Patrick E., Milwaukee, WI
  18. Hoefer, William A. Jr., Ocean Springs, MS
  19. Iseman, Paul E., Washington, DC
  20. Keleher, Lloyd F., Red Bank, NJ
  21. Kezer, Osman F. Jr., Cedarville, AR
  22. King, James H., Nashville, TN
  23. Lane, Donald D., Buchanan, NY
  24. Lankowski, Edwin I., Grand Rapids, MI
  25. LaQuiere, Arthur G., Charleston, SC
  26. Risos, James B. Jr., Winston Salem, NC
  27. Mahoney, Peter A., ​​Warwick, RI
  28. Mancuso, Paul J., Baltimore, MD
  29. Manning, Harry K., Charleston, SC
  30. McIntyre, James F., Fall River, MA
  31. Moore, Richard C. Sênior (Moore era novo no navio e não constava da lista oficial de sobreviventes.)
  32. Moss, Ellwood S., Mastic Beach, NY
  33. Moss, Irwin I., Brooklyn, NY
  34. Murdock, Kenneth E., Onawa, IA
  35. Myers, Cecil E., Kankakee, IL
  36. Neagley, William C., Mechanicsburg, PA
  37. Nelson, Richard A., Waterville, ME
  38. Niskala, Ernest J. Jr., New York Mills, MN
  39. Noennich, Bertram B., Los Angeles, CA
  40. O'Connor, Francis W., Dorchester, MA
  41. Oliver, George T., Charleston, SC
  42. Oliveri, Vincent J., Lawrence, MA
  43. Pintor, Ralph E., Gaffney, SC
  44. Parks, Raymond P., Winter Haven, FL
  45. Price, James B., Coaldale, PA
  46. Proffer, Iredell, Clarkton, MO
  47. Raps, Harry C., Port Washington, NY
  48. Rinck, Anthony J., Jacksonville, IL
  49. Ross, John S., Hillsboro, OH
  50. St. Martin, Jean J., Charleston, SC
  51. Sanford, David D., Starrucca, PA
  52. Sawmiller, Marion A., Lincoln Park, MI
  53. Schmidt, Arthur H. Jr., Jackson Heights, NY
  54. Shiel, James L., Osage, WVa
  55. Stefanko, James A., Masontown, PA
  56. Stewart, John W. & quotJack & quot, Syracuse, NY
  57. Wycor, John J., Brooklyn, NY
  58. Wasilkowski, Raymond M., Carteret, NJ
  59. Weidner, Leroy R., Union City, PA
  60. White, Von Dale, Elkland, MO
  61. Williams, Frank B. Jr., Charleston, SC
  62. Wilson, Harrison J., Birmingham, AL

Em memória

[Nota KWE: Para adicionar um memorial para seu ente querido que morreu no naufrágio do USS Hobson, envie um e-mail para Lynnita com texto e fotografias ou correio para Lynnita Brown, 111 E. Houghton St., Tuscola, IL 61953.]

Histórias publicadas sobre o USS Hobson

Minesweeper Hobson é cortado em colisão com o transportador por James Donahue

Entre as histórias de terror dentro dos anuários da Marinha dos EUA está a perda do caça-minas Hobson quando ele colidiu com o porta-aviões Wasp no Atlântico Norte em 1952. O Hobson de 348 pés de comprimento não era páreo para o enorme Wasp, foi cortado em dois e afundou tão rápido que levou 176 marinheiros para o fundo com ele.

Depois de sobreviver a batalhas navais ativas nos teatros europeu e pacífico da Segunda Guerra Mundial, incluindo um ataque kamikaze, o Hobson foi designado para tarefas de treinamento na costa do Atlântico até a eclosão da Guerra da Coréia em 1950. Ele foi então designado para a Frota do Atlântico, fornecendo suporte em operações anfíbias e guarda de avião para transportadoras.

O Hobson conheceu seu destino em 26 de abril de 1952, enquanto estava com o Destroyer Rodman e acompanhava o Carrier Wasp na rota para o Mediterrâneo. Por volta das 22h00 naquela noite, o Wasp estava recuperando aviões de uma operação noturna de rotina, enquanto o Hobson e o Rodman estavam navegando cerca de 1000 metros atrás para recuperar qualquer piloto que pudesse ter que abandonar.

Quando o vento mudou repentinamente, o Wasp se transformou nele, mas o Hobson não conseguiu receber o sinal de viragem e continuou a navegar. Conseqüentemente, ela atravessou a proa do porta-aviões e foi atingida no meio do navio, a estibordo. A colisão virou o Hobson para bombordo e dividiu o navio malfadado em dois. A popa do caça-minas girou e bateu na proa do Wasp & # 8217s, abrindo um buraco no porta-minas.

O Hobson afundou em minutos, deixando uma grande mancha de óleo ao redor do porta-aviões, que agora estava parado na água. A maior parte da tripulação do Hobson & # 8217 estava abaixo do convés, dormindo quando o acidente aconteceu, e nunca teve chance. Havia apenas 80 sobreviventes em uma tripulação de 236. O oficial comandante também morreu. Aqueles que conseguiram pegaram coletes salva-vidas e jangadas jogados nas águas manchadas de óleo do Wasp e Rodman.

O Wasp não corria perigo de afundar e mancou para casa após o acidente. O buraco em sua proa de estibordo tinha 76 pés de comprimento.

Foi um final triste e inesperado para um navio valente. Encomendado em 1942, o Hobson serviu em todas as principais ações navais dos Estados Unidos na Guerra da Europa e depois se mudou para o Pacífico, onde sobreviveu a seis combates sangrentos naquele teatro. O navio recebeu seis Battle Stars e uma citação de Unidade Presidencial.

Comentários dos leitores

[Nota KWE: Para adicionar um comentário, envie um e-mail para Lynnita ou correio para Lynnita Brown, 111 E. Houghton St., Tuscola, IL 61953.]

Educador da Guerra da Coréia de 2002-2016. Todos os direitos reservados. O uso não autorizado de material é proibido.


Lost-at-sea-memorials.com

Como um veterano da Aviação Naval, testemunhei em primeira mão os perigos das operações de porta-aviões. Enquanto as operações de vôo estão sendo conduzidas, as atividades acima e abaixo do convés de uma transportadora devem ser meticulosamente coordenadas. Os erros muitas vezes levam a acidentes graves.

Essa cuidadosa coordenação de atividades se estende além do próprio porta-aviões, aos navios de apoio que acompanham o porta-aviões. Quando vistos de uma aeronave acima, esses navios de apoio constantemente se engajam em um balé preciso para permanecer na posição adequada próximo à popa e ao lado do porta-aviões para apoiar as operações de lançamento e recuperação de vôo. Esta não é uma tarefa fácil. O porta-aviões está sempre & # 8216colhendo o vento & # 8217 & # 8211 constantemente mudando o rumo e a velocidade para manter o vento suficiente fluindo diretamente para baixo do convés. Os navios de apoio têm a tarefa de manter a posição adequada em relação ao porta-aviões, muitas vezes à noite ou com mau tempo e mar agitado.

o EUA Hobson (DD-464) , uma Gleaves-O destróier de classe foi construído em Charleston Navy Yard e comissionado logo após o início da Segunda Guerra Mundial. Durante a guerra, ela viu ação no Norte da África, no Atlântico ocidental e no Dia D. No final de 1944, ela foi convertida em um caça-minas destruidor e reclassificada DMS-26. Após essa conversão, ela viu uma ação pesada perto de Okinawa, onde sofreu baixas significativas e danos causados ​​por ataques suicidas inimigos. Os reparos foram concluídos após a Segunda Guerra Mundial e o Hobson assumiu o serviço como um caça-minas destruidor com a Frota do Atlântico.

Na noite de 26 de abril de 1952 o Hobson era um navio de apoio para o porta-aviões EUA Vespa (CV-18), que conduzia operações de voo 700 milhas a oeste dos Açores. o Vespa começou uma virada para o vento para se preparar para a recuperação da aeronave. o Hobson precisava manobrar para manter sua posição correta em relação ao Vespa. Um trágico erro de cálculo ocorreu no Hobson ponte naquela noite. o Hobson virou bombordo em uma manobra que exigiu cruzar a proa do Vespa, em vez de simplesmente ficar para trás Vespa e virando na esteira da transportadora & # 8217s. o Hobson foi atingido no meio do navio pelo Vespa. A colisão cortou o Hobson na metade. Ela afundou em menos de cinco minutos. 176 de sua tripulação se perderam no mar, muitos dormindo em seus compartimentos de atracação.

Eu li vários relatos dos eventos na ponte do Hobson naquela noite & # 8211 o melhor sendo encontrado no livro de Kit Bonner & # 8217s, Final Voyages. Um inquérito oficial da Marinha colocou a culpa no Comandante da Hobson, Tenente Comandante W.J. Tierney, que morreu no acidente. Basta dizer que os procedimentos falharam naquela noite & # 8211 e que 176 homens pagaram o preço final por um erro de julgamento.

Os governos e seus militares raramente constroem memoriais para os perdidos em acidentes & # 8211 eles não desejam chamar a atenção para tais incidentes. Na bela área de Battery de Charleston, Carolina do Sul, no entanto, está um monumento aos perdidos no Hobson acidente. Foi construído e pago pela & # 8220EUA Hobson Memorial Society & # 8221 e # 8211 um grupo de ex-companheiros, familiares e amigos dos homens perdidos do Hobson. Um lado do monumento descreve resumidamente os eventos de 26 de abril de 1952. O outro lado lista os nomes dos perdidos, a hora e a data do acidente. O monumento é simples como uma obra de arte, mas acho que meus olhos são atraídos para a plataforma & # 8211 construída com pedras coletadas dos 38 estados de origem daqueles que se perderam no mar em apenas quatro minutos. Essas pedras, talvez mais do que qualquer outra coisa sobre o memorial, criam uma imagem visual em cores e números da extensão da perda de vidas naquela noite de abril. Visto de cima, pode-se quase visualizar um pequeno navio se partindo em um grande oceano, vive de vários estados espalhados no fundo do Atlântico, como as pedras da plataforma & # 8211 um menino de Ohio está aqui, outro do Texas está lá, e um da Califórnia lá, e assim por diante & # 8230

Danos ao Vespa mostrando a violência da colisão. o Vespa perdeu quase 30 metros de seu arco.

Belas fotografias de Jim Teresco & # 8217 do

Informações adicionais sobre a história do EUA Hobson pode ser encontrado nos seguintes links:

49 Respostas a & # 8220U.S.S. Hobson Memorial & # 8221

Cynthia Walther disse:

Meu tio, Frank Zwingman, era um dos tripulantes perdidos no mar quando o Hobson afundou. Estou muito grato por encontrar este artigo e as fotos do memorial. A perda do meu tio tem sido uma das maiores tristezas da vida da minha mãe, nunca foi comentado em nossa casa sobre os trágicos acontecimentos daquele dia porque foi muito doloroso para ela, até agora. Espero fazer uma viagem algum dia a Charleston para ver o memorial e ver o nome do meu tio.

Lucy Estep disse:

Muito obrigado pela informação Hobson. Meu tio, Arthur Bass, também se perdeu no mar e também não falou muito sobre isso.

Estou trabalhando em um livro de história da família por meio de fotos e fiquei emocionado ao encontrar este blog. Salvei as imagens do livreto de dedicação e vou usá-lo em nosso livro de família para que todos os membros da família as compartilhem.

Muito obrigado por compartilhar!

Michele Torrice disse:

Meu homônimo e tio, Michael Amico, se perdeu no mar no USS Hobson um mês antes de eu nascer. Meus avós, especialmente minha querida avó, nunca se recuperaram da perda de seu filho. Até hoje, os olhos da minha mãe têm uma expressão de tristeza que nunca vai embora, nem ela pode sequer falar sobre ele ou sua morte prematura, e meu pai vai chorar baixinho e ao som de seu nome. Em 1999, minha irmã e eu, durante as férias em Myrtle Beach, dirigimos até Charleston para ver o Memorial e o nome de nosso tio Michael & # 8217s. Não foi possível localizar o Memorial e ninguém em Charleston, S.C. sabia do que estávamos falando. Foi muito triste nunca termos encontrado o Memorial e ninguém ter nos informado sobre ele. Fomos encaminhados a um Air Craft Carrier que agora é um museu e havia uma seção inteira dedicada ao USS Hobson. Tio Michael fez parte de nossas vidas, mesmo na morte, nunca vamos deixá-lo ser esquecido e, embora ele tenha morrido antes de eu nascer, sinto que o conheço toda a minha vida & # 8230 & # 8230 fará 59 anos atrás este ano.

Chuck Arnold disse:

Onde exatamente (latitude / longitude) ocorreu o naufrágio do & # 8220Hobson & # 8221?

Chuck & # 8211 O naufrágio foi de 700 milhas a oeste dos Açores (38 graus 27 minutos Norte / 41 graus 21 minutos Oeste) & # 8211 Dan

Karl Wagner disse:

Meu pai, Horst Wagner, era membro da tripulação e afundou com o navio. Eu tinha 13 meses e meu irmão ainda não havia nascido. Esta é a primeira vez que realmente leio relatos reais do que aconteceu naquela noite infeliz. Nunca tive a chance de conhecer meu pai, embora tenha muitas fotos de bebês dele me segurando. Muitas vezes me pergunto sobre a vida dos sobreviventes e a dificuldade de tentar viver com aquela terrível lembrança dos acontecimentos daquela noite. Tive a oportunidade 7 anos atrás, durante uma viagem de negócios a Charleston, de visitar o memorial e ver o nome do meu pai e os nomes de todos os outros perdidos no mar naquela noite. Não tenho certeza do que dizer ou que perguntas posso fazer, mas agradeço a oportunidade, se houver, de me comunicar com qualquer um dos sobreviventes, ou mesmo um de seus familiares. Obviamente aquele acidente alterou o curso de tantas vidas, eu sei que meus avós lutaram com a perda de seu filho, que nasceu na Alemanha e veio para a América ainda muito pequeno e acabou dando a vida por este país. Já se passaram quase 60 anos, mas ainda sempre me pergunto como teria sido a vida se ele nunca tivesse morrido.

Laura Richards disse:

Minha mãe perdeu seu primo, David Baker, na noite em que o Hobson afundou. Ele tinha 19 anos. Muito triste. Pretendo visitar o memorial esta semana, quando visitar Charleston.

Lori Gray Wisconsin disse:

O único irmão da minha mãe, Harold Carlson Jr, era um membro da tripulação e afundou com o navio. Ele tinha apenas 17 anos e era um cara tão pequeno que mal ganhava peso. Meus avós eram divorciados e meu avô assinou para ele entrar, sabendo que Junior, como sempre o conhecemos, encontraria uma forma ou outra para entrar. Minha mãe tinha apenas 21 anos na época, mas nunca superou a perda. Eu nasci 10 anos depois, em 1962, então nunca conheci Jr, mas ouvi tantas histórias sobre ele que sinto que o conhecia bem. Eu tenho uma carta escrita para minha avó de um companheiro sobrevivente Fred Kezer Jr., e uma ótima foto dele e do capitão do navio ... se as fotos pudessem falar.
Jr tem um sorriso malicioso no rosto e o capitão está olhando para ele com um sorriso no rosto, eu posso imaginar o que ele pode ter dito.

Miki Behnke disse:

O irmão do meu marido foi um dos que se perderam no Hobson naquela noite. Ele tinha acabado de sair do turno de acordo com a informação que a família recebeu. Vimos o memorial em Charleston e foi muito comovente para nós.

Meu tio, Robert Ortlip, era um membro da tripulação dos EUA Hobson e afundou com o navio em 26 de abril de 1952. Temos o livro memorial e seu nome está listado no livro.

patricia clanton disse:

Eu moro no centro de Charleston e sempre passei pelo memorial. Hoje eu queria pesquisar o que realmente aconteceu depois de ver de perto. Se alguém quiser uma foto com o nome de um ente querido, tentarei encontrá-la para você e a enviarei por e-mail. Eu estava triste em frente a ele hoje e lendo nomes, idades e a cidade de onde eles eram. Minhas mais profundas condolências àqueles que perderam seus entes queridos. Meu endereço de e-mail é [email protected] Se você visitar Charleston, ele está localizado na Murray Blvd, no que é conhecido como Battery e White Point Gardens. Muitas felicidades, Patricia

joseph h arsenault disse:

Eu sou um membro da tripulação e agradeço os comentários e meu coração, mesmo depois de todo esse tempo uma lágrima ainda vem aos meus olhos quando penso nisso. sinceramente Joseph h. Arsenault

Lauretta disse:

Perdi meu tio, Grady Patterson, neste navio. Meu pai sempre se perguntou o que realmente aconteceu. Acho que nunca saberemos. Deus abençoe meu tio.

Lauretta Patterson disse:

Meu tio Grady Patterson afundou com este navio. Nunca soube que havia um memorial. Graças a Deus encontrei este site. Meu pai falou muito sobre o incidente. Aconteceu um ano antes de eu nascer. Se alguém souber de algum Pattersons, por favor me avise. Obrigado

Ronald E. Leonard disse:

MEU BOM AMIGO E PLAYMATE, KENNETH L.MULLINS, 18 Y / O FOI UMA DAS 178 ALMAS PERDIDAS NAQUELE DIA NA TERRÍVEL COLISÃO COM A VESPA DO TRANSPORTADOR.
AGORA QUE TENHO QUASE 80 anos, MINHA VIDA ESTÁ EM FRENTE NO CÉREBRO, RECORDANDO EVENTOS QUE AFETARAM MEU CAMINHO NOS ÚLTIMOS 60 ANOS. THANK YOU FOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO EXPRESS MY FEELINGS.

Colleen Alber disse:

My father, Francis W. O’Connor, was one of the survivors of the collision. He did not speak of it to me during my childhood, but I do know it was an incredibly painful memory that he carried with him everyday and every night of his life. It was not until this past decade that I began to hear small bits and pieces about the tragedy. My father would travel each year to Charleston to reunite with the other survivors. He passed away this May at the age of 81. May he rest in peace with the men, the friends, he thought of and missed dearly.

My girlfriend and I are driving from Philadelphia to Florida for vacation. My girlfriend mentioned that she would like to stop and sleep over in Charleston on our way back. I hope to see the memorial to honor my Uncle Bobby (Robert P. Ortlip) who I never met by visiting the memorial.

Thomas C. Robinson disse:

On that dreadful night I had a cousin that went down on the Hobson. When Cecil Ray Mauzy was in on leave before he went back, he gave me a white sailor’s cap, had his name on it. I kept it for years,I still had it when I got married, but somewhere I let it get away from me. I was 10 years old at the time of the accident, never seen him again, his body was never recovered. I believe he was 24. .. I think of you often, Cecil

Merritt Crawford disse:

Colleen Alber,I had the good fortune to meet your father on a plane right after a commemoration event in 2011. We stayed in touch every so often and I adored his friendship. After not being able to reach him for a while, I did some research and learned of his death and am deeply saddened. My heart goes out to you and your family. Frank did not speak much of the tradgedy to me but just the knowledge of it spurred me to look into and I have since visited the Yorktown, thinking of him every minute of the tour. He is most certainly missed dearly, even by someone who was only a friend for a short time.

Dear Colleen
I knew your father well,I Also was a survivor
I spoke to your father last April about attending
reunion but could not make it as planned. eu tive
attended many of the reunions and seen your father
many times over the years.I called him this Jan.
about attending this year and thats when I found
out he had passed this last May.I will miss him
this year at the memorial.
Arthur

Jerry Martin disse:

I don’t know what brought me to this site today, maybe it was a dream that had of my dad in the other night. He was Gerald L. Martin, and I was eight years old when he served aboard the Carrier WASP CV18 the night of the terrible accident with the Destroyer Hobson. In later years he would tell me about it. I found a list of the crew of the Hobson that were lost that night, and I will pray for them.

joanne comins rick disse:

i am the namesake for my uncle, john p comins, who was lost that night i was born a year later and never knew him, but he was always a part of my life growing up. every april from my earliest memories, we drove to charleston for the memorial services-my parents and grandparents the saturday night dinners, sometimes on the naval base staying at the fort sumter hotel and the sunday memorial services with full military honors, the navy band the guns salute the white crisp uniforms against the impossibly clear blue skies drenched in sunlight the speeches and the tears. we would look at the memorial and touch the names although its been 60 years now, it’s all still raw just beneath the surface. i’ve never learned about my uncle’s life aboard ship, or what he was doing before the ship sank. of that my grandparents and parents would not speak, even if they themselves ever knew. and now they’re gone, too. if anyone knows or has stories to share, i would love to hear.

My Uncle, David Baker was lost that night. My son took me to the memorial in SC to fulfill a lifelong wish. I was a young child when David died, his Navy photo was on my grandmothers dresser thru out her life. When I saw the monument I cried and tried to explain to my three grandchildren who this Uncle David was and about that tragic night. May the men & their families have peace knowing their stories live on thru us. Thank you for sharing Claudia Baker-Thompson

Denver A Norman disse:

I WAS FIVE YRS WHEN MY BROTHER WAS LOST AND ONE OF THE MANY WERE SLEEPING. His NAME IS Richard E Norman and would love to hear from all who may have know him. thanks
Denver A Norman

Ron Ross disse:

John S. Ross, my father was one of three radiomen on watch. He survived of course or I would not be here today. His story is a great one. He just passed away this past February at the age of 81. We miss him so very much it hurts. I’d hoped to spend many more days with him in our woodshop inventing things, but there apparently were other plans for him.
He did 4 years total in the Navy, got out and became a Chief Radio Tech for the Ohio State HP. Retired from there in 85, then him and Mom rode a motorcycle in all 50 States incl yes Hawaii when I was stationed there myself.
Love and miss you both.

Bob Morley disse:

My grandfather was aboard as well William Mansfield

I was a crew member of U.S.S. O’Hare DD 889, part of the task group. Our ship participated in the search and rescue. We had a passenger, a reporter for the Boston Globe aboard. He wrote a story and we transmitted it stateside the next day. Here is the taxt from the original typewritten document.

EUA O’HARE (DD 889)
At Sea
280300Z April
Press Release by Lawrence Dame, Staff Writer, Boston Herald
In Mid Atlantic Aboard a U.S. Destroyer at Scene of Sinking, Sunday: –
The U.S. airplane carrier Wasp collided with and sank the destroyer minesweeper Hobson during maneuvers 485 miles southeast of Newfoundland at 10:30 mid-Atlantic time (8:30 Boston time) last night. So far as can be learned, 187 Hobson lives were lost as the sharp bow of the 40,000-ton flattop sliced her 2400-ton guardship in two. The twain of coffins, largely filled with men in bunks, plummeted immediately to a bottom nearly three miles down.Latest reports place 63 Hobson survivors including seven officers, out of a complement of about 250. A desperate 10-hour search in rough weather that developed into a howling northeast gale with rain and rotting visibility had to be called to a halt at 9:30 A.M. hoje. The Wasp, so badly damaged that she is proceeding through the storm stern-first at speeds as slow as eight knots in punishing waves, lost no men in the sudden crash.
The dangerous weather, fine yesterday during general exercises of a fleet bound for Europe from Norfolk, made it certain early today that no survivors not picked up in the gallant rescue efforts from the Wasp and a destroyer during the first two hours could remain alive. A naval board of inquiry on shore will be asked to determine the unexplained cause of the American Navy’s worst disaster since World War Two.
A helicopter and a group of destroyers rushed at all available speed from another maneuvering area 50 miles away made every possible attempt to find bodies in a tempestuous sea strewn with wreckage, empty life rafts, empty life jackets and an oil slick from the ill-fated craft’s tanks. Only one man, a dead chief petty officer, was picked up in the increasingly raging waters early this morning. The body, identified as that of H. D. Hopkins, address unlisted as yet, was transferred from one of the small boats the injred Wasp put overboard for rescues to the destroyer O’HARE early today.
Mute, pitiful testimony of the fact that tragedy struck without warning on a rolling sea under faint stars and a black sky came through the empty life preservers. Most of the Hobson’s men were trapped below decks, many in their bunks and many never at sea before, with a watch of about seven and possibly as many officers out of the 15 aboard on the alert. There could have been no frantic rushes up the steel ladders from the ship’s bowels. Several of the survivors are injured, a few critically, and are in the wallowing Wasp’s sick bay or on the destroyer Rodman, not to be reached because of heavy seas from my destroyer.
We received the alarm aboard the O’HARE, 50 miles from the death scene, which was at 42.20 north latitude and 44.15 west longitude, at just about 8:30 P.M. Boston time, after night plane maneuvers had barely reached an end. The planes that had located us in the darkness came from the recently recommissioned Wasp, dropped flares, and headed back for their ship’s haven. Several had not succeeded in making the flight deck before the crash occurred.
What they could not see, and what I saw in wonder when daylight came, were two bites out of the bow keel of the carrier visible at the waterline. The two, the front one larger than the other, extended for about 50 feet, or 17 structural frames along this line and the forward nip, perhaps 35 feet wide snapped off the keel 28 feet below.
While temporary repairs and shorings to strengthen the disfigured beak were being made from the interior, with skill that tested the ingenuity of the Wasp’s command and men to the utmost, the waves, often 25 feet high, forced the craft to turn round and proceed slowly backward. A long dockyard job, possible only in the states, will be necessary. More than 2000 men and many planes are aboard.
What I saw from the O’HARE, with Commdr. O.D. MacMillan as captain, is typical of the post-disater scene and attempted rescue activity. For 50 miles, there was nothing but obscurity cut by searchlights on the hustling destroyers sent to the rescue by Rear Admiral Chester C. Wood, with his flotilla command on the destroyer Stribling. He led the valiant destroyer effort.
Then we suddenly saw what appeared to be a circle of lights. Then debris, including oranges from the Hobson’s food lockers, shone under our persistent lights. Rescue crews lined the main weather decks of the destroyers. They held ropes, grapnels, hooks, life jackets, small lights and other rescue gear. Medical aides prepared sick bays in wardrooms and cooks heated broth for survivors.
Indicative of the self-sacrificing esprit de corps that spread through the entire fleet when disaster struck was the fact that 25 swimmers aboard the O’HARE volunteered to go into the perilous water before Skipper MacMillan said no. Unhappily, it was too late for them to do any good except to haul the stray, empty lifesaving gear and other floating relics including much clothing, aboard.
The Wasp, responsible for the safety of planes still in the dark sky which a few hours before a fleeting crescent moon had helped illuminate, put over all available rafts, jackets and boats before she got into a new receiving position for her winged wards. Many a flyer wondered why all the commotion on the surface from the sky, so contrary to the usual well-oiled night tactics.
The whole fleet, saddened by the loss of a sailor overboard from the same Hobson on Friday, during refueling tactics in a mean rolling sea, went in gloom over a disaster which many at first refused to believe ever could happen. Whatever did happen, and it is not safe to surmise since it may have been due to mechanical fault rather than human error, one thing seems clear. When struck by the mighty Wasp, the tiny mine sweeper which was acting as a guard for whatever planes might fail to land on the Wasp decks, must have rolled over in two parts. Her remnants, with men who could not have suffered agony for more than a few seconds, took the big bite out of the forward bow and keel. Then in rolling over, the smaller gulp was snatched. In coming up after pitching, the Wasp today clearly showed the far horizon where solid steel once plowed the water. No more careful scrutiny of wreckage and flotsam than that made for more than 10 arduous and dangerous hours in increasingly bad weather by the rescue screen of destroyers could be imagined. Yet its results were zero. Except to prove what many had feared in a murky dawn that hope must be abandoned despite a mild temperature of 64 in water and air. Too may men had gone down with their ship without a chance to know what happened. The 63 rescued, most of them picked up within two hours after the tragedy, were the pitifully small company of lucky ones. Even a few of these may not live.
By cruel irony of a fickle sea, today was the worst of the six-day voyage out of Norfolk. Destroyer crews took heavy punishment in great waves. It was hazardous indeed to pass on the weather decks next to the water. The single helicopter that mad its frail-seeming eggbeater trips low to and fro over the ocean could not be joined by heavier planes. Nobody wanted to risk any life on this fatal ground as Rear Admiral H.B. Jarrett, in command of the fleet, indicated. Before departure the first bird of the day, a tiny gull, hovered over the oil slick as though to land then darted away. Men of the Wasp, in craft ranging from whaleboats to the captain’s brassy gig, did more than mortals should have to accomplish to haul in the 63 survivors. They were aided nobly by the guard destroyer Rodman, assigned to the Wasp along with the Hobson, before the main rescue elements staged their futile arrival. At dawn the littered water was a penetrating 46 degrees. The wind was 14 knots, rose suddenly to 28, died down and then as quickly roared up to gale force of 40 miles an hour or better. The scene of tragedy, 615 miles west northwest of the Azores, is 2725 fathoms deep or 2.7 miles. It has been abandoned finally tonight, all hope vanished. The red-eyed vigil ended. Nearly exhausted destroyer men either staggered to bunks or reported for the few regular turns of duty a Sunday requires at sea.
What appeared to be a Portuguese square-rigger, bound home for Lisbon after a winter on the Grand Banks, was the only unofficial ship anywhere near the scene. She apparently plied on toward the Azores in blissful ignorance of Sabbath disaster. She would have no survivors. A memorial service which was to have been held in the fleet for what seemed so much of a tragedy on Friday the loss overboard from Hobson of J.J. O’Leary, address undetermined had to be postponed because of weather and the newer surprise today. The Hobson, listed by Jane’s as 2575 tons, 348 feet long, complement 250, was launched in 1941, September. The Wasp, listed at 33,000 but much heavier with load, is 888 feet and built in 1943. Hobson cost 15 million.

Phylis Ann Cutler Dye disse:

My brother, Donald L. Cutler, served on the USS Hobson and was one of the many who lost their lives that fateful day. I was almost 5 years old and to this day I still have memories of him and hear stories of how he “spoiled his little sister”. May God Bless all who were lost and those who miraculously survived. Obrigada.

Charles Hatch disse:

I would like to speak to any family member of Jim McBride. My name is Charles Hatch. I live in Millsboro, Delaware. My telephone number is (302) 663- 0157 or you can email me at the above address

Chuck Lankowski disse:

My dad Edwin Lankowski was a survivor.

Michael R. Potts disse:

My Uncle Jack (Robert Jackson) Potts was also lost in the sinking of the Hobson. The memorial is located in the park at Battery Park, Charleston,SC. According to my aunt (Jacks sister) they still have memorial services every year at the end of April. Could check and find out for sure.

My PawPaw’s twin brother died on this ship. I always thought it would be cool to meet him. I hate he had to feel that type of pain. Rest well Mr.Eugene Buckner and Mr.Ernest Buckner. Together again after all those years. Love you both.rest well in Heaven.

Donny Shore disse:

My half brother Jack Shore lost his life that night on the Hobson. He died before I was born so my curiosity runs wild trying too gather info. Of him and those around him on that fateful night. If any of the survivors are still available for discussion or recognize my brother’s name, please contact me. 336-366-7332. Obrigada.

Brian Charbonneau disse:

My dad Joseph P.Charbonneau was an electrition on the Wasp. That fateful night he manned one of the Wasps search light he is my hero. All those sailors and marines were hero’s as well. U served 10years active duty as a Sgt crew chief and doorgunner. On huey Helios.2000 flight hours. My dad Joseph P. Charbonneau is my hero to this day. R. S. Sgt B.D.Charbonneau usmc retired. 603-204-1355.

Fran Burns disse:

My uncle Teddy Gould from Maryland died in this tragic accident. I was not yet born but learn about him from my mom and his Gilman football trophy, a memorial fund at Princeton and a few sports photos. Please email if you knew him . [email protected]

Peggy Shore Money disse:

I am attempting to learn if there will be a Memorial Service in Charleston this year for the Hobson. If anyone sees this and has any information on the Memorial please send e-mail. Obrigada.

William Shane Senseney disse:

Before I retired, in my younger years I was a color guard for this memorial two years in a row. As a Mineman this ship and it’s crew held a special placed to us Mineman. Two of our Mineman also died that night. I retired here in Charleston and would like to offer my services to any family members that would like to have a picture of a loved ones name. You can reach me at [email protected]

Judi Davis Barra disse:

My uncle, Richard A. Royce was aboard the USS Hobson and was one of the 176 that drowned when the ship went down. I never got to meet him as the collision occurred a year and a half before I was born. He was my mother’s brother.

James L Turner III disse:

I was nine months old and my mother was seven months pregnant when my father went down with the USS Hobson. I took my eldest son to the Charleston Memorial in 1984. It was an emotional torment for which I was not prepared. Even now, at the age of 67, I get sad thinking about how my father died.

I am writing a book on the history of the USS Hobson. My father served on the Hobson during WWII 1942-44. I would appreciate anything that anyone can share on the subject of the Hobson. I am in the research stage right now and would love to talk with anyone connected with the Hobson (including survivors). I know there are not too many survivors left. Family members of those who perished and those who survived. Family members from the WWII era etc. Pictures of the Hobson and her crew. Memorabilia from the Hobson and reunions in Charleston. I live in Charleston and feel a special connection to the Hobson. Obrigado!

David O Whitten disse:

I have the newspaper article on the launching of HOBSON and the Launching Program. I can post them

Oi! I found a bible that belongs to a Chester J. Wilks Jr. if Miami who was onboard this ship. I would love to locate his family to give them this. Assistance is greatly appreciated.

tom keane disse:

A good friend of mine, Charles (“Jolly Cholly”) Mac Anulty, lost his life aboard the Hobson. He was 18 years old. His death was a real shock to the small town of Ventura, California

Daryll disse:

My grandfather was Arthur Schmidt, an electrician aboard the Hobson when it sunk. He was one of the survivors. If any of you remember him could you reach out? [email protected] . He passed when I was 11 and never got to ask him about his time in the navy.

Dave Lyle disse:

Zach Hagan McCord was from Greenwood, SC and a Clemson alumnus, Class of 󈧳. He is on our Scroll of Honor Memorial, located across the street from the east end of Memorial Stadium. If anyone knows anything else about him, please send it to me and I will add it to his profile on our Scroll of Honor Website. [email protected]

Martha Lubitz disse:

My father, Cecil Lubitz, was an ensign aboard the Hobson during the war.
He is 95 years old and in failing health.
I pulled up a picture of the Hobson by which my father was very much moved.
God bless the souls of the men who lost their lives in the terrible tragedy that sunk the Hobson!

Carolyn Bryant Lyde, MD disse:

11/30/2020
My half brother, (Clayton) Eddie Bryant was a 17 year old who lost his life on the Hobson, in 1952. I was born in 1958, and would very much like to connect with any of the survivors who may have known him.

Laurel Millette disse:

My grandfather was one of the few survivors – he was on leave that night. My understanding is the family preserved what remained – I believe my grandfather helped write the condolences.

I’m happy to put survivors in touch with my Aunt – not sure what she has but she is our family’s unofficial archivist.

My grandfather’s name was John Georges – i believe he was an officer. Such a heartbreaking loss.

Bruce Brews disse:

Robin Greene disse:

My father was one of the survivors. No matter how strong he wanted to have us see him to be when he told the story about that night, we all knew it had to bother him terribly. My dads name was John S Ross from Hillsboro, OH. Dad passed away in 2014. He was one of the kindest people you would ever meet. I loved him with all of my heart.


Sinking

With the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, Hobson‍ '​s schedule of training intensified. She took part in amphibious exercises off North Carolina and in Puerto Rico in 1950–51, and took part in carrier operations as a plane guard and screening ship.

During one such operation on the night of 26 April 1952, Hobson was steaming in formation with carrier Vespa (CV-18) about 600 miles (1000 kilometers) west of the Azores at 38°27'N 41°21'WG. Vespa needed to turn to recover aircraft. The carrier's escort vessels had two options, slow down and let Vespa turn, or cross in front of the carrier. The Hobson's Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Commander W.J. Tierney and the ship's Officer of the Deck, Lieutenant William Hoefer, argued over which option was to be carried out. The Commanding Officer won, and decided to cross the bow. Lt. Hoefer announced on the deck "Prepare for collision!, Prepare for collision!" Hobson crossed the carrier's bow and was promptly struck amidships. The force of the collision rolled the destroyer-minesweeper over, breaking her in two. Rodman (DD-456) and Vespa rescued many survivors, but the ship and 176 of her crew were lost, including Tierney. With no time to don lifejackets, some survivors were left treading water in the Atlantic Ocean for up to four hours.


Hobson DD- 464 - History

The USS Hobson off Charleston, South Carolina, March 4, 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified). This Photograph has been censorned to remove radar antenna her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

USS Hobson (DD-464/DMS-26), uma Gleaves-class destroyer, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Richmond Pearson Hobson, who was awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the Spanish-American War. He would later in his career attain the rank of Rear Admiral and go on to serve as a congressman from the state of Alabama.

Hobson (as DD-464) was launched at the Charleston Navy Yard, on 8 September 1941 sponsored by Mrs. R. P. Hobson, widow of Rear Admiral Hobson and commissioned on 22 January 1942, Commander R. N. McFarlane in command.

Expended cartridge cases and powder tanks from the ship’s 5″/38 guns litter the deck, after firing in support of the Normandy invasion off Utah Beach, June 6, 1944. This view was taken on the ship’s afterdeck, with mount 54 at right.

o USS Hobson was built in the Charleston ship yard in South Carolina and was launched for the first time on September 8, 1941. The Hobson fought in various battles during World War II, including the invasion of Normandy. Following World War II, the Hobson was involved in fairly peaceful endeavors until the start of the Korean War. In the early 1950’s the Hobson was involved in two military exercises off the coast of Puerto Rico and North Carolina.

o Hobson is most known not for its military endeavors, but for a tragic incident involving another American ship. On April, 26 1952 the Hobson encountered the event that would lead it to fame. During the night, while most of the crew was sleeping, the captain of the Hobson, confused due to the darkness, gave the order to change course several times, unknowingly leading her straight into the path of another ship. o USS Wasp, a carrier, collided with the much smaller destroyer-minesweeper, the Hobson, near the Azores Islands in the Atlantic. The force caused the Hobson to roll and split in half, tossing the crew into the ocean. The ship lay beneath a blanket of water, at the bottom of the ocean within a total of four minutes. Of the 176 crew members who lost their lives, 150 were estimated to be sleeping at the time of the collision never even given a chance at survival. O capitão doHobson, the most likely culprit of this disaster, went down with his ship. Following the crash, Vespacrewmembers, hastened to pull survivors from the wreckage. They managed to rescue 61 American military personnel from an eternal slumber at sea.

The sinking of the USS Hobson became one of the great tragedies of the Cold War. It led to the greatest amount of loss of American lives since World War II to that date. Americans realized that they were not always safe, and that dangers could be found in unexpected places. In the future, they had to become more prepared defensively.

Researched by Megan Overman
Volunteer for the Cold War Museum
Cosby High School


Hobson DD- 464 - History

USS Hobson , a 1630-ton Gleaves class destroyer, was built at the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina. Commissioned in January 1942, she escorted the carrier Ranger across the Atlantic in mid-year and participated with her in the November invasion of North Africa. Hobson continued as Ranger 's consort for most of 1943, taking part in the carrier strike on shipping off Norway in October. She served with anti-submarine task groups during the first months of 1944, helping to sink the German submarine U-575 on 13 March. In June and August, Hobson was part of the great armadas that supported the invasions of Normandy and Southern France. Convoy escort duties followed, lasting until November 1944, when she began conversion to a destroyer-minesweeper.

Redesignated DMS-26, Hobson steamed through the Panama Canal in January 1945 to join the war against Japan. Beginning in March, she participated in the invasion of Okinawa, providing minesweeping, patrol, radar picket and night illumination services. She was damaged by a suicide plane attack on 16 April and was later sent to the U.S. east coast for repairs, which lasted until after the Second World War ended.

Hobson remained on active duty with the Atlantic Fleet during the post-war years. When the Korean War's outbreak in late June 1950 intensified the ongoing tensions with the Soviet Union, her schedule became more vigorous, including participation in amphibious exercises and service as a fleet escort. On the night of 26 April 1952, while screening USS Wasp in the central Atlantic, the carrier collided with the much smaller destroyer minesweeper. In one of the great tragedies of the Cold War, USS Hobson was cut in two, sinking with 176 of her crew.

USS Hobson was named in honor of Rear Admiral Richmond P. Hobson, a Naval Constructor and hero of the Spanish-American War.

This page features our only views of USS Hobson , and a selected photograph of her christening.

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

Off Charleston, South Carolina, 4 March 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This photograph has been censored to remove radar antennas atop her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

Fotografia oficial da Marinha dos Estados Unidos, do acervo do Centro Histórico Naval.

Online Image: 92KB 740 x 610 pixels

Off Charleston, South Carolina, 4 March 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This photograph has been censored to remove radar antennas atop her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

Fotografia oficial da Marinha dos Estados Unidos, do acervo do Centro Histórico Naval.

Online Image: 91KB 740 x 585 pixels

Underway in the Atlantic, circa late 1942.
She is painted in camouflage Measure 15.

Fotografia oficial da Marinha dos Estados Unidos, agora nas coleções dos Arquivos Nacionais.

Online Image: 87KB 740 x 615 pixels

Reproductions of this image may also be available through the National Archives photographic reproduction system.

Expended cartridge cases and powder tanks from the ship's 5"/38 guns litter the deck, after firing in support of the Normandy invasion off Utah Beach, 6 June 1944. View was taken on the ship's afterdeck, with mount 54 at right.

Courtesy of Rear Admiral Kenneth Loveland, USN.

Fotografia do Centro Histórico Naval dos EUA.

Online Image: 90KB 740 x 515 pixels

Damage to the carrier's bow from her 26 April 1952 collision with USS Hobson (DMS-26). Photographed in drydock at Bayonne, New Jersey.
Photograph released 19 May 1952.

Fotografia oficial da Marinha dos Estados Unidos, do acervo do Centro Histórico Naval.

Online Image: 110KB 740 x 610 pixels

Is christened by Mrs. Richmond P. Hobson, at the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, 8 September 1941. Looking on are Bishop Albert S. Thomas and The Honorable Joseph W. Powell.

Fotografia oficial da Marinha dos Estados Unidos, do acervo do Centro Histórico Naval.

Online Image: 109KB 740 x 615 pixels

One of the ships seen in the following photograph is probably USS Hobson (DD-464):

Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina

Destroyers fitting out and refitting alongside the Navy Yard piers in January 1942. These ships are (from left to right):
USS Tillman (DD-641), commissioned 9 June 1942
probably USS Beatty (DD-640), commissioned 7 May 1942
probably USS Hobson (DD-464), commissioned 22 January 1942
USS Anderson (DD-411)
USS Hammann (DD-412) and
USS Mustin (DD-413).
Note that the three incomplete ships at left are painted in Measure 12 camouflage, while those refitting (at right) wear Camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This image is cropped from Photo # 19-N-26590, which shows USS Morris (DD-417). Note (in the left foreground, atop her Mark 37 gun director) the bracket for the antenna of an FD radar.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Online Image: 138KB 1200 x 510 pixels

Reproductions of this image may also be available through the National Arc

In addition to the images presented above, the National Archives appears to hold other views of USS Hobson (DD-464 and DMS-26). The following list features some of these images:

As imagens listadas abaixo NÃO fazem parte do acervo do Centro Histórico Naval.
NÃO tente obtê-los usando os procedimentos descritos em nossa página & quotComo obter reproduções fotográficas & quot.

As reproduções dessas imagens deverão estar disponíveis no sistema de reprodução fotográfica do Arquivo Nacional para fotos não detidas pelo Centro Histórico Naval.


Richmond Pearson Hobson

Greensboro, Hale County, Richmond Pearson Hobson native Richmond Pearson Hobson (1870-1937) was a graduate of the United States Naval Academy and served in the Spanish-American War. He became famous for sinking the collier USS Merrimac in Cuba's Santiago Harbor, for which he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. A champion of U.S. naval supremacy, Hobson also supported the Progressive Era ideals of Prohibition, improved education, and women's suffrage as a Democratic congressional representative from Alabama's Sixth District. Cadet Richmond P. Hobson on USS Chicago After graduation, Hobson served a two-year assignment as the assistant navigator aboard the cruiser USS Chicago. Thereafter, he spent four years continuing his naval education in Paris, France, at a French school of naval design. In 1893, Hobson was appointed Assistant Naval Constructor at the U.S. Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair in Washington, D.C. In this capacity, he supervised the construction of new naval vessels across the nation he would later advocate for the removal of all woodwork on ships because it was such a fire hazard. Eager to promote a professional military education for young naval officers, he established a three-year postgraduate course at the Naval Academy for officers in the Construction Corps. When war was declared with Spain in April 1898, Hobson was serving as a lieutenant aboard the USS Nova york, the flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron, under the command of Admiral William T. Sampson. The United States had long been interested in the affairs of Cuba, which was in the midst of a struggle for independence from Spain that many in the United States supported. The U.S. Navy implemented a blockade of Cuba in an attempt to assist the insurgency. Spanish admiral Pasqual Cervera's Caribbean Squadron, however, penetrated the American blockade and anchored in Santiago Harbor. In order to remove the threat posed by the Spanish vessels, USS Merrimac Sampson and Hobson devised a plan to block the entrance to the harbor. On the morning of June 3, Hobson and his crew of seven attempted to sink the USS Merrimac in the entrance of the harbor to create an obstruction that would trap the Spanish ships. When Hobson guided the Merrimac into the narrow part of the harbor's entrance, it quickly came under fire from the Spanish fleet that disabled its steering. As the ship drifted out of Hobson's control, he tried to sink it by exploding the vessel's five torpedoes but succeeded in detonating only two. Quando o Merrimac finally sank, it had moved beyond the entrance to the harbor, leaving the channel open. The Spanish captured Hobson and his crew and held them as prisoners of war until July 6. Though Hobson and his crew failed to blockade the Santiago Harbor (the Spanish force would be soundly defeated while fleeing the harbor on July 3), they received a heroes' welcome for their courageous exploits upon their return to the United States. For two years after the Spanish-American War, Hobson salvaged sunken Spanish ships in Santiago Harbor and in Manila Bay in the Philippines, where he contracted a debilitating case of typhoid fever. In January 1903, Hobson resigned from the U.S. Navy after 18 years of active service. Now a civilian, Hobson embarked on a nationwide lecture tour, championing U.S. naval supremacy and a progressive agenda. Rep. Richmond and Grizelda Hobson On May 25, 1905, Hobson married Grizelda Hull, with whom he would have three children. In 1906, Hobson was elected a U.S. congressman from Alabama's Sixth District and would serve four terms between 1907 and 1915. Ideologically a progressive, he promoted the building of roads and schools in rural areas and expanding agricultural instruction in rural areas and government regulation of railroads. Hobson supported a graduated income tax and the direct election of senators, which eventually became the 16th and 17th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, respectively. He also shepherded through Congress a bill that led to the establishment of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. This office assumed responsibilities for commanding and overseeing the Navy's resources and personnel. The Chief of Naval Operations served as the senior military officer in the Navy and also served as an advisor to the Secretary of the Navy. Hobson also took a progressive stance on women's suffrage, viewing it as a fundamental element in the evolution of humankind and arguing that allowing women to vote would broaden their views and thus make them well-informed citizens. Rep. Richmond P. Hobson, 1914 For nearly three decades, however, Hobson's most consuming cause became banning alcohol and narcotics. He approached prohibition as a moral crusade, believing that alcohol consumption impeded the proper, progressive course of human development and evolution by weakening intellectual capabilities. In 1908, he campaigned for a prohibition amendment in Alabama, which once passed made the state dry before the nation embraced the prohibition of alcohol. In 1919, Hobson authored Alcohol and the Human Race, in which he argued that alcohol was a cause of human degeneracy. After the passage of the 18th Amendment in 1919, Hobson turned his attention to launching a world-wide prohibition campaign and raising awareness on the evils of narcotics, particularly heroin. He helped organize the International Narcotic Education Association (1923) and the World Narcotic Defense Association (1927). Although his anti-narcotics campaign never gained the momentum that the American prohibition campaign had, Hobson presided at a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1931 at which 57 countries agreed to limit the production of opium.

Magnolia Grove He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. In honor of Hobson's naval service, the Navy christened a destroyer the USS Hobson (DD-464) at the Charleston Navy Yard in South Carolina in September 1941. Thereafter, Alabamians began to commemorate their native son. In May 1942, a bronze bust of Hobson was unveiled at the state capitol in Montgomery. The following year, Magnolia Grove, his birthplace, was deeded to the state and dedicated as a state shrine. Two Alabama cities are named for Richmond Hobson: Hobson City, Calhoun County, and Hobson, Washington County.

Hobson, Richmond Pearson. Alcohol and the Human Race. New York: Fleming R. Revell Co., 1919.


Listen to June 7, 1944 (D+1) 5:30 pm NBC news radio broadcast describing USS Corry sinking. (NBC-affiliate radio station WEAF in New York City)

Admiralty Charts 2613 and F. 1014 G.S.G.S. No. 4250: Sheets 6E/3 and 6E/4
Booklet "M" (Annex "H") France, North Coast
Coastal silhouette from LA MADELEINE (442974) to HAMEAU DU NORD (390060)
I.S.T.D. February, 1944

In the same pre-dawn incident, before the scheduled naval shelling began, while proceeding to their bombardment stations the Corry e Fitch came under fire from German shore batteries. o Fitch returned fire, immediately followed by the Corry, making them the first two ships to fire on German-occupied France. Later, after the Corry was hit, for more than an hour the USS Fitch repeatedly fired on the Saint-Marcouf (Crisbecq) battery, which had scored the fatal salvo on the Corry amidships.



CORRY SURVIVORS THANK THE USS BUTLER


Див. також [ ред. | ред. код]

  1. ↑ До складу ескорту конвою RA 54A на різних етапах входили: лінкор «Енсон», авіаносець «Формідабл», важкі крейсери «Кент» і «Норфолк», легкі крейсери «Белфаст» і «Джамайка» есмінці: «Махратта», «Мілн» , «Маскітер», «Матчлес», «Онслоу», «Саумарез», «Весткотт», «Скорпіон», «Скодж», «Венус», «Мкорпіон», «Скодж», «Венус», «Мрірпіос» Скорпіос «Гобсон», радянські «Громкий», «Куйбишев», канадський «Хаїда», норвезький «Сторд» тральщики «Сігал», «Харрієр», «Бритомарт», «Джейсон», «Галсіон», корвет «Еглантін».
  2. ↑ До складу ескорту конвою JW 54A входили: 2 лінкори «Енсон» і «Тускалуса», важкий крейсер: «Кент», 2 легкі крейсери: «Джамайка», «Бермуда» есмінці: «Онслот», «Онслоу», «Обедіент» , «Орвелл», «Інконстант», «Імпалсів», «Хайда», «Гурон», «Ірокеу», «Вайтхолл», «Коррів», «Хайда», «Гурон», «Ірокеу», «Вайтхолл», «Коррі», «ФГтор тральщик «Гусар».

Assista o vídeo: Ac Carrier Wasp Collision With Destroyer hobson Aka Warship Collection 1952